Types of Spinal Cord Injuries

Think of the spinal cord as the bridge over a bottomless pit connecting two cities which trade with each other. In order for there to be any trade, everything has to pass through the bridge. If that bridge is destroyed either from natural causes or because a huge rock fell on it and smashed it to bits, it would mean the end of trade. The chances of rebuilding the bridge will depend on the location and extent of the damage.

The spinal cord serves as the bridge between the brain and the rest of the body, bringing electrical signals to and from the brain, determining an individual’s ability to move and to feel sensations. Spinal cord injuries result not from disease but from physical trauma such as from a fall or from a car crash, and when it involves serious damage that precludes total recovery, these are considered catastrophic injuries.

There are two major types of spinal cord injuries: complete and incomplete. Complete denotes a total loss of motor and sensory function, indicating an injury between sacral segments S4 and S5, and is usually permanent. There are several levels described under incomplete ranging from no loss of function to loss of motor function but preserved sensory function. Under the standards established by the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA), the extent of function loss is classified as A for complete loss of function to E in which motor and sensory responses are normal. However, even when everything seems to be normal, trauma to the spinal cord may still result in neurological damage.

The spinal cord is sensitive, so it’s critical to minimize the damage it may suffer after an injury. According to the website of Habush Habush & Rottier S.C. ®, spinal cord trauma is one of the chief concerns of emergency medical technicians in accidents, which is why victims are often stabilized using special equipment to keep the damage from getting worse. If you sustained spinal cord injury because of the negligence of others, you may have a cause for action. Consult with a personal injury lawyer at the earliest opportunity to get compensation for the consequences of serious injury.

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